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The Government of the Republic of Montenegro founded the Bureau of Metrology on September 14, 2006 and, by its Regulation on the Amendments and Supplements to the Regulation on the Organization and the Method of Operation of the State Administration, it defined the tasks of the Bureau of Metrology relating to "ensuring the application of legal units of measurement; realizing, maintaining and improving measurement standards of the Republic, as well as ensuring their application during international activities; enabling metrology traceability for calibration, testing and controlling laboratories; arranging calibration activities; making assessments of conformity with metrology requirements; giving expert opinions for accrediting the laboratories for verification of measuring instruments; representing the Republic in international and regional metrology organizations, and establishing cooperation with them within the field of metrology; metrological inspection; control of the precious metals articles, as well as other tasks that have been conferred on it as its responsibilities".
The Bureau of Metrology performs the duties of the National Metrology Institute (NMI). The NMI is the institute appointed upon the national resolution to develop and maintain national measurement standards of one or several quantities.
The Bureau of Metrology joined the Associate membership of the EURAMET on July 01, 2007. In the late November 2007, the Bureau of Metrology became a corresponding member of the International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML), and in January 2009 associated member of WELMEC.